If someone speaks of the Black
September, he probably talks about one of two things:
a) the civil war in Jordan in
September 17 - 25, 1970, or
b) the Palestinian extremist
group Black September.
About Black September - Jordan's Civil War
King Hussein of Jordan and his army fought against the
Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO).
Why did they fight?
The PLO had their headquarters in Jordan from where they planned and
launched attacks on Israel. Israel fought back and Jordanians were
killed. King Hussein wanted the organization out of his country.
The king won, the PLO moved to Beirut, Lebanon.
A ceasefire was signed on September 25,
1970. But the fighting continued until 1971 when the Jordanian army
had driven the Palestinians out of Jordan.
About Black September
- The Palestinian Extremist Group
Why the name?
The group called themselves Black September after the month
in which Jordan started showing Palestinians the door, September
What triggered the forming of this
In July 1971, Jordan killed a prominent PLO leader. Some
Palestinians were ready to fight back and kick it up a notch.
At the Olympic Games in Munich, Germany,
in September 1972, the group took Israeli athletes hostage and
demanded the release of Palestinian prisoners. The deal didn't come
through and 11 Israeli athletes, 5 Palestinian terrorists and 1
German policeman died in the shoot-out that followed.