Frederick, Duke of York 1763-1827
Frederick, Duke of
Detail from the
portrait by Sir Joshua Reynolds, who lived
1723-1792. Oil on canvas, 1788.
In full, he was Frederick Augustus,
the Duke of York and Albany.
Family and Roots
Frederick's father was
King George III of Great
Frederick's elder brother was
King George IV.
Governments of Britain.
The title Duke of York was
customarily given to the second son of the king. As such,
Frederick became Duke of York on November 27, 1784.
His was to be a military career.
In 1791, Frederick married the
princess Frederica of Prussia
(German in full: Friederike Charlotte
Ulrike Katharina von Preußen.)
Frederick fought in the
French Revolutionary Wars,
and it went down as follows:
In 1793, Frederick was appointed
commander of the British-Hessian-Hanoverian army in the
He took his men and part of
Coburg's Austrian army,
and was successful with his
Siege of Valenciennes.
Frederick's next idea was the
Siege of Dunkirchen,
which turned out to be a bad one. His army had to retreat.
Frederick was fodder for the
gossip columns in 1809, when his mistress got out of hand
and accepted bribes in his name.