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Texas Revolution 1835-1836
The Texas Revolution, also called Texan Revolution, Texas
War of Texan Independence, started on October 2, 1835, and
ended April 21, 1836.
This is a map of the campaign routes
Click map to enlarge
The following is quoted from the
Atlas of Texas
Climaxing a series of political and
cultural clashes, the Anglo-Texan colonists refused to surrender a
cannon to Mexican troops at Gonzales, October 2, 1835, and open
warfare began. A week after their Gonzales victory, the Texans took
Goliad. Texan forces, under Stephen F. Austin then encamped near San
Antonio, engaging the Mexicans in battle on October 28 (Concepcion)
and November 26 (the Grass Fight). The Texans laid siege to San
Antonio December 5 and forced a Mexican surrender December 9.
After retreating from Texas, Santa
Anna's Mexican army began preparations to retake the territory.
Arriving back in San Antonio February 23, 1836, Santa Anna's forces
besieged the Texans in the Alamo until its fall, March 6, when all
remaining defenders were killed or captured.
In mid-February another Mexican army
under Urrea marched north from Matamoros, meeting and defeating
Texan forces at San Patricio (February 27) and Agua Dulce (March 2).
Urrea next overpowered James Fannin's Texan contingent near Goliad,
March 19, and - under orders from Santa Anna - executed 342 Texan
Determined to destroy the remaining
Texan forces, Santa Anna led his army east from San Antonio on March
21, following Sam Houston's retreating troops. By April 20 both
armies had reached San Jacinto, and on the following afternoon the
Texans routed the Mexican Army. The next day Santa Anna was
captured. Shortly thereafter, the remaining Mexican forces began
retreating toward Matamoros.
Eugene C. Barker, "San Jacinto Campaign," Quarterly of the Texas
State Historical Association, Volume 4, 1901; Andrew Jackson
Houston, Texas Independence, Anson Jones Press, Houston,
1938; Amelia Williams, "A Critical Study of the Siege of the Alamo
and of the Personnel of Its Defenders," Southwestern Historical
Quarterly, Volume 37, 1933-1934.
Atlas of Texas, Copyright 1976
Board of Regents, The University of Texas System. Used by permission
of the University of Texas Libraries, The University of Texas at