A caliphate is the territorial
jurisdiction of a caliph, which derives from the Arabic word
What is a caliph?
A caliph, also spelled calif or khalifah,
is the civil and religious leader of a Muslim state who is
considered to be a representative of Allah on earth.
After the death of Muhammad the
Prophet in 632 AD, the first caliph was Abu Bakr,
followed by Umar I, Uthman, and Ali.
Following Ali was Muawiya I, the
founder of the Umayyad dynasty, which lasted from 661 - 750.
The time of the Caliphates was over
after the Mongols wrecked Baghdad in 1258.
And here is the map
THE CALIPHATE IN 750
Click map to enlarge