The Nationalists (rebels,) led by General
and General Emilio Mola
the ruling Republicans, led by Francisco Largo Caballero,
Juan Negrín, and Manuel Azaña.
The global connections:
Italy and Germany were on the side of the rebels. The Soviet Union,
Mexico, and others were on the side of the Republicans.
WHAT GOVERNMENT ruled
SPAIN at the time?
The Second Spanish Republic.
WHY DID THEY FIGHT?
Alfonso XIII, the last Spanish monarch, packed his suitcase
and left the country on popular demand in 1931. The Second Republic
The new government shifted things around
in a way that church, landowners, high ranking military officials,
and wealthy people in general lost power, influence, and money.