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HOME   -   PEOPLE IN HISTORY A-Z   -   KING JOHN OF ENGLAND

 
   


King John of England, 1167 - 1216

 

John of England 1167 - 1216

King John was the one who had to sign the  Magna Carta after his barons revolted.

John ruled England 1199 - 1216 and was an educated man who loved hunting and traveling.

With the dark side of his personality he could also be a suspicious, unforgiving, and double-crossing weasel.


 

John's nickname was John Lackland, or as the French called him Jean Sans Terre.

 

John's Famous Family

John's father was  Henry II. His mother was the beautiful and smart  Eleanor of Aquitaine, who by the way was brilliantly depicted by the great Katherine Hepburn in the movie  The Lion in Winter.

Back to John.

Henry and Eleanor had five sons and three daughters.

The oldest son was William who died at age three. Henry Jr. was son number two. Son number three was John's very famous brother
 Richard the Lionheart. Number four was  Geoffrey. John was his parents' youngest son and his father's favorite.

John's sisters were Matilda, Eleanor Jr., and Joan.

John's mother Eleanor was married once before — to Louis VII. The marriage was annulled in the year 1152. Eleanor and Louis had two daughters.

 

1167 - 1188

It was the year 1173. John was 16 years old. John's father had it all figured out. His favorite son would marry the daughter of Humbert III, count of Maurienne (Savoy), which would mean lots of lands for John. Unfortunately for John, the marriage proposal didn't sit right with John's elder brothers, a greedy bunch. The brothers started a rebellion during the years 1173 - 1174.

See also the Anglo-Norman Rebellion of 1173


This marriage was off and father Henry arranged another marriage via which John would become the Earl of Gloucester.

In 1177, John was given the lordship of Ireland. John went and visited Ireland in April 1185 and stayed until late 1185. While in Irela