Vergennes and Manchester sign for
France and Great Britain
Treaty of Versailles (France) — September 3, 1783
This treaty is part of the
1783 Peace of Paris,
also called the 1783 Peace of
Gravier, Comte de Vergennes, oil on canvas by
unknown artist, 18th century, Versailles
Right: George Montagu,
4th Duke of Manchester, mezzotint by John Jones,
published by William Austin, 1790, © National Portrait Gallery,
Having rendered invaluable aid
to the United States during the
American War of Independence, fought 1775-1783, France agreed to this peace treaty with
Who Signed the Treaty
of Versailles 1783?
Montagu, 4th Duke of Manchester
for Great Britain
count de Vergennes
When Was This Treaty
Preliminary articles were signed
at Versailles on January 20, 1783.
The final treaty was signed at
Versailles on September 3, 1783.
What Was Agreed Upon?
Newfoundland and adjacent islands
belong to Great Britain, except St.
Pierre and Miquelon, which belong to France.
Fishing rights off Newfoundland and in the Saint
Lawrence River are settled.
and Tobago are French.
Grenada and the Grenadines, St.
Vincent's, Dominica, St. Christopher's, Nevis,
and Montserrat are British.
River and its
dependencies with the forts of St. Louis, Podor,
Galam, Arguin, and Portendic on the Gum Coast, as well as the island of Gorée
rights are settled.
Fort James and the Gambia
River is British.
Britain restores to France everything that was
French at the beginning of the war
on the Orixa Coast and in Bengal.
French subjects safe, free, and
independent trade in India, be it individually or
collectively as a company.
Pondicherry and Karakil are French,
as well as
Mahé and its factory at Surat.
Britain repeals Article 9 of the
Treaty of Utrecht of 1713
in which France was
required to leave Dunkirk without
is the entire Article IX from 1713:
The most Christian King stall
take care that all the
fortifications of the city of
Dunkirk be razed, that the
harbour be filled up, and that
the sluices or moles which serve
to cleanse the harbour be
levelled, and that at the said
King's own expence, within the
space of five months after the
conditions of peace are
concluded and signed; that is to
say, the fortifications towards
the sea, within the space of two
months, and those towards the
land, together with the said
banks, within three months; on
this express condition also,
that the said fortifications,
harbour, moles, or sluices, be
never repaired again. All which
shall not, however, he begun to
be ruined, till after that
everything is put into his
Christian Majesty's hands, which
is to be given him, instead
thereof, of as an equivalent.
Here are maps of Central America
and India that might be helpful:
For more maps see
1783 Peace of Paris