Cardinal Richelieu 1585-1642
Richelieu, premier secrétaire d’Etat à la Marine
© Marine nationale,
Ministère de la Défense
Armand-Jean du Plessis Cardinal and Duke
de Richelieu was also called The Red Eminence.
Cardinal Richelieu was the chief minister to King
Louis XIII of France from 1624 - 1642.
In such capacity, Richelieu broke the
power of the nobility, and reduced the
And by aiding the Protestant German
princes in the latter part of the
Years' War, Richelieu managed to humiliate France's ancient
Richelieu was also the one who turned
Bastille into a regular prison.
Philippe de Champaigne, around 1639. Versailles