Cunaxa in Babylonia is located in today's Iraq.
Cyrus and his troops came all the way
from Sardis. They lost the battle and Cyrus was killed in action.
After the battle, the remainder of
Cyrus' army had another problem to figure out. Capitulate or take flight. The men decided to take their
chances and so they fought their way through enemy land all the way
up to the Black Sea.
This adventure became known as
Retreat of the Ten Thousand. And we know all about it because of
Xenophon, who led
the 10,000 on their trek back and reported the story.
And here are the maps:
TO AND FROM THE BATTLE
Persian Empire 490 BC