Cyrus the Younger 423-401 BC
Cyrus' father was Darius II. His
mother was Parysatis.
His older brother was Artaxerxes II,
who became king of the
Persian Empire after their father died. And
that was just the problem.
Cyrus wanted to be ruler of the Persians
himself and made plans accordingly. He hired Greek mercenary
soldiers, who became known as the Ten Thousand, and fought
his brother at the
of Cunaxa in 401 BC.
Artaxerxes was injured, Cyrus was
401 BC: Cyrus the Younger commences his
expedition into Upper Asia to dethrone his brother Artaxerxes Mnemon.
He takes with him an auxiliary force of ten thousand Greeks.
He is killed in battle at Cunaxa and
the ten thousand, led by
Xenophon, effect their retreat in spite of the Persian
armies and the natural obstacles of their march.
And here are the maps:
TO AND FROM THE BATTLE
Persian Empire 490 BC