DEAD UNION AND
American Civil War 1861-1865
The American Civil War is also called
The War Between the States.
The Federal government of the United Sates, headed by President
Abraham Lincoln, with 23 states
vs. 11 Southern states.
The Southern states were: South
Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas,
Virginia, Arkansas, Tennessee, and North Carolina.
After seceding from the Union in 1860
and 1861, the South formed the
States of America. The president of
the Confederacy was
Jefferson Davis. Vice president
was Alexander H. Stephens.
And here is the map:
1861-1865 American Civil War: Principal
What Was the Core Issue?
Slavery, trade, and tariffs.
Abraham Lincoln was elected president in late 1860. He was the
candidate of the antislavery Republican Party.
All along, the
Southern states had threatened to leave the Union if their demands
weren't met. Lincoln's election
was the straw that broke the camel's back. On December 20, 1860,
South Carolina passed their Ordinance of Secession.
In January 1861, Mississippi, Florida,
Alabama, Georgia, and Louisiana seceded.
Texas followed on February 1, 1861.
In April 1861, after the outbreak of the
Civil War, Virginia, North Carolina, Arkansas, and Tennessee
And here is a map of the secession in the United States:
United States Secession
Click map to enlarge
What Ignited the American Civil War?
April 12, 1861.
Sumter, in the harbor of Charleston, South Carolina.
85 U.S. soldiers in Fort Sumter were fired upon by
5,500 besieging Confederate soldiers.
How Many People Died in the American Civil War
A low estimate is
750,000 combined deaths. About half of these
victims were never identified.
According to Drew
Gilpin Faust (author of This Republic of
Suffering: Death and the American Civil War)
this number would be proportionally to today's
population 7 million people.
The Battles of the American Civil War
July 21, 1861 - First Battle
of Bull Run (also called: First Manassas)
First Bull Run Campaign
First Battle of Bull Run
August 10, 1861 - Battle of Wilson's Creek
February 6, 1862 - Battle of Fort
Henry and Donelson Campaign - January 1862
February 13-16, 1862 - Battle
of Fort Donelson
Henry and Donelson Campaign - February 14,
Henry and Donelson Campaign - February 15-16,
Henry and Donelson Campaign - February 27,
March 9, 1862 - Battle of the Monitor and Merrimack (also
called: Battle of Hampton Roads)
April 4 - July1, 1862 - Peninsular Campaign
April 6-7, 1862 - Battle of Shiloh (also called: Battle of
Shiloh Campaign - March 29, 1862
Battle of Shiloh - April 6, 1862
Battle of Shiloh - April 7, 1862
April 24-25, 1862 - Battle of New Orleans
May 27, 1862 - Battle of Hanover Court House
May 31-June1, 1862 - Battle of Seven Pines (also called:
Battle of Fair Oaks)
American Civil War - May 31, 1862
August 29-30, 1862 - Second Battle of Bull Run (also called:
Second Battle of Bull Run - August 30, 1862
September 13-15, 1862 - Battle
of Harpers Ferry
Battle of Harpers Ferry
September 17, 1862 - Battle of Antietam (also called: Battle
October 3 - 4, 1862 - Battle of Corinth
December 31, 1862 - January 2, 1863 - Battle of Stone's River
(also called: Battle of Murfreesboro)
January 1, 1863 -
May 1-5, 1863 - Battle of Chancellorsville
July 1-3, 1863 - Battle of Gettysburg
September 8, 1863 -
September 19-20, 1863 - Battle of Chickamauga Creek
November 23 - 25, 1863 - Battle of Chattanooga
May 5-7, 1864 - Battle of the Wilderness
May 8-19, 1864 - Battle of Spotsylvania Court House
Maps of the American Civil War
With this map comes the inset Vicinity of Gettysburg.
United States Civil War
Click map to enlarge
And here is a nifty map of the Civil War locations.
Civil War 1861
Here's a huge map of all US Battle Sites
States 1689 - 1945 Battle Sites
Click Map to enlarge
And one more:
American Civil War - January-June 1862
What Else? American Civil War Trivia
Here is a
list of eye witness accounts.
concerned about the preservation of Civil War battlefields.
Battlefield Protection Program out there
to address this concern.
costs of major US wars in comparison.
Check the American war casualties report